Astrology: Hindu Months

The Tamil calendar is a derivative of the old Hindu solar calendar and is based on the sidereal year (i.e. the time taken for one revolution of the Earth around the sun, or the mean time taken by the sun to return to the same position relative to the background of the fixed stars in the sky). In contrast, most other languages of India (Telugu, Hindi) use lunar calendars.

The Twelve Months

The Tamil new year usually falls in mid-April and the calendar consists of twelve months. Unlike the Gregorian calendar, the number of days in a given month can vary between years. Moreover, Tamil months may even have 32 days. For example, the month of Vaikasi had 32 days in 1996 and 31 days in 1998. Similarly, Aani had 31 days in 1996 and 32 days in 1998.

The following table shows when the first day of each month occurs:

No.

Tamil month

in English

Start date

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

10.

photo

Thai

January

15*

14*

14*

15*

14*

14*

14*

11.

photo

Maasi

February

13

12

13

13

13

12

12

12.

photo

Panguni

March

14

14

15

15

14

14

14

1.

photo

Chiththirai

April

13+

14+

14+

14+

13+

13+

13+

2.

photo

Vaikasi

May

14

15

15

15

14

14

14

3.

photo

Aani

June

15

15

15

15

15

14

15

4.

photo

Aadi

July

16

17

17

17

16

16

16

5.

photo

Aavani

August

17

17

17

18

16

17

17

6.

photo

Purattasi

September

17

17

17

18

16

17

17

7.

photo

Aippasi

October

17

17

18

18

17

17

17

8.

photo

Karthikai

November

16

16

17

17

16

16

16

9.

photo

Markazhi

December

16

16

16

16

15

15

16

*Thai 1 : Pongal Festival
+Chiththirai 1 : Tamil New Year’s Day

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.